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New challenges to classical territory representations brought about by urban networks and systems

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Résumé

From a French regulatory perspective, the “metropolitan fact” is recognised by Maptam law, which currently regulates a process of metropolisation for the last five decades. The “regional fact” is recognised by Notre law, which enlarge French regional competences and perimeters in view of a better position of French regions in the EU chess game. Currently, region/metropole dialog is the major vector of territorial dynamics, which reinforce a logic of inter-territoriality, imposing variable-geometry tools or scenes of governance, such as metropolitan poles or Scot. In the same way, economic actors organise along networks logic or cooperation or partnership, allowing a more flexible dialog with territorial governing bodies, in a similar way to competitive clusters and Communities of Universities and educative institutions (COMUE). But surface or perimeter approaches invite only a partial understanding of the French territorial dynamics and structuration. Indeed various types of cooperation between actors shape genuine urban systems at different scales. Thus, so called “proximity” systems are also connected — and impacted— by more “transversal” flux of cooperation between big metropoles, for instance. In France, each system is connected to the Parisian metropole, and regional systems also operate in interconnection. These types of governance invite a re-questioning of classical representations of territory; this is the current mission of urban planning agencies, as true tools of social engineering.
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hal-01480543 , version 1 (01-03-2017)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01480543 , version 1

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Emmanuel Thimonier-Rouzet. New challenges to classical territory representations brought about by urban networks and systems. Urban governance in the network society : France, Thailand and Japan, Jan 2017, Lyon, France. ⟨hal-01480543⟩
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